Lesson 134 यस्याः पादे प्रथमे

Let us learn Sanskrit-Verses verse # 12 यस्याः पादे प्रथमे

Verse # 12 is twelfth verse for which YouTube is made at this link <https://youtu.be/HKMMpYQmEKI>

The text for the video is as under.

For identifying the name of the meter in which a given verse is composed, there are specifications for every meter. Most of the specifications are given in a verse in that meter itself. 

For example the verse for आर्या meter is this verse # 12 ⇒ 

यस्याः पादे प्रथमे  

द्वादश मात्रास्तथा तृतीयेपि |

अष्टादश द्वितीये  

पञ्चदश चतुर्थे सार्या ||  

पदच्छेदैः – यस्याः पादे प्रथमे द्वादश मात्राः तथा तृतीये अपि अष्टादश द्वितीये पञ्चदश चतुर्थे सा आर्या

अव्ययानि – (१) तथा means ‘as well’ (२) अपि means ‘also’ 

क्रियापदानि – न किमपि दृश्यं क्रियापदम्   

शब्दरूपाणि – (१) यस्याः (२) पादे (३) प्रथमे (४) द्वादश (५) मात्राः (६) तृतीये (७) अष्टादश (८) द्वितीये (९) पञ्चदश (१०) चतुर्थे (११) सा (१२) आर्या

The phraseology is straightforward in the flow of the verse.

The phrases are 


  • यस्याः 
  • प्रथमे पादे द्वादश मात्राः (भवन्ति) = There are 12 मात्राः in the first quarter
  • तथा तृतीये (पादे) अपि (द्वादश मात्राः भवन्ति) = also in the third
  • द्वितीये (पादे) अष्टादश (मात्राः भवन्ति) = eighteen in the second
  • चतुर्थे (पादे) पञ्चदश  (मात्राः भवन्ति) = fifteen in the fourth
  • सा आर्या (भवति) = such (verse) has आर्या meter.


Interestingly प्रथमे, द्वितीये तृतीये and चतुर्थे are ordinals. द्वादश,पञ्चदश and अष्टादश are cardinals. These cardinals are inherently plural.

All supplementary words, which are to be understood, are put in parenthesis. Two verbs are supplemented – भवन्ति at 2, 3, 4, 5 and भवति at 6. 

We can check, whether this verse itself conforms to the specification.

यस्याः पादे प्रथमे  

2-2 2-2 1-1-2

कुलतः Total 12

Note य is previous to the conjunct consonant स्याः
द्वादश मात्रास्तथा तृतीयेऽपि

2-1-1 2-2-1-2 1-2-2-(2)

कुलतः (Total) 18

Note ऋ in तृ is ह्रस्व short

Though पि is ह्रस्व, it is पादान्तम् 

अष्टादश द्वितीये  

2-2-1-2 1-2-2

कुलतः Total 12

अ is previous to ष्टा. 

श is previous to द्वि.

द्वि is ह्रस्व.

पञ्चदश चतुर्थे सार्या  

2-1-1-1 1-2-2 2-2 

कुलतः Total 14 only ? 

प is previous to ञ्च. 

तु is previous to र्थे 

पञ्चदशान्तिमे सा आर्या (2-1-1-2-1-2 2 2-2 = 15) 

Note अन्तिमे = in the last one.

पञ्चदश+अन्तिमे = पञ्चदशान्तिमे

Note, संधि of सा+आर्या is not mandatory, 

because वाक्ये तु सा (संहिता) विवक्षामपेक्षते !

Google-search on यस्याः पादे प्रथमे yields the last line as पञ्चदश चतुर्थे सार्या.

However, I think the modification should stay !

यस्याः पादे प्रथमे |

द्वादश मात्रास्तथा तृतीयेऽपि |

अष्टादश द्वितीये  

पञ्चदशान्तिमे सा आर्या ||

  || इति शुभम् ||


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