|2||grit to explore||sAhasam||साहसम्|
|6||capacity to fight and win||parAkramaH||पराक्रमः|
|11||are present, exist||var-tan-te||वर्तन्ते|
From 7, 8 and 9 we notice that षट् + एते = षडेते When two words are in succession of each other, it becomes natural during pronunciation, that the ending of the first word and the beginning of the next word will merge. Such merging of sounds is called as conjugation
15 conjugation sandhiH सन्धि:
There were three conjugations already in Lesson 1.1. त्वम् + एव = त्वमेव2. बन्धुः + च = बन्धुश्च3. शुभम् + अस्तु = शुभमस्तुConjugations are logical and natural, aren’t they ?
Word #13 is not new. It was there in glossary 1. There, it was just देव, because it was in Address case, to say there, “Oh God”. Here it is in Nominative Case. प्रथमा विभक्तिः Hence देव:
16 Address sambodhanam सम्बोधनम् 17 case vibhaktiH विभक्तिः 18 Address case sambodhan-vibhaktiH सम्बोधन-विभक्तिः 19 first prathamA प्रथमा 20 Nominative or
prathamA vibhatiH प्रथमा विभक्तिः
From the words 1 to 14 in the glossary, prepare the following phrases –
No. Phrase Sanskrit in
1 Industriousness, grit to explore,
__________ __________ ___________ __________ __________ _________ 2 intellect, strength, capacity to
fight and win
__________ ___________ ________ __________ __________ ________ 3 these six where exist __________ __________ _________ __________ __________ ________ 4 there God helpful __________ __________ _________ __________ __________ ________
Now you can write down two phrases in one line. By that it becomes a good two-line verse, a good saying !!
21 a good saying subhAShitam सुभाषितम्
Here it is how it reads –
udyamaH sAhasam dhairyam buddhiH shaktiH parAkramaH
ShaDete yatra vartante tatra devaH sahAyya-kRut
उद्यमः साहसं धैर्यं बुद्धिः शक्तिः पराक्रमः ।
षट् एते यत्र वर्तन्ते तत्र देवः सहाय्यकृत् ॥
I am sure you will like this good saying सुभाषितम्. Learn it by heart.
In Sanskrit there are thousands of such “good sayings”. Would it not be charming and impressive, if you can quote them verbatim? And they are so crisp verses, all pearls of wisdom !! That is one very good and strong reason, why one should learn Sanskrit.